Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Tests For The Believers

In the Name of Allaah,the Most Gracious,the Most Merciful


A person life in this world is not stable. One passes through alternating periods of happiness and dismay, strength and weakness, wealth and poverty, health and sickness etc. A true believer is one  who maintains a clear level of Eeeman throughout the worldly fluctuations. He continues to remember Allah and ascribe the bounties to Him; and  he turns to Him in submission, asking for relief from his affliction. This is described by the Messenger (sallaallaahu  alaihi wasallam) who said:

“Indeed amazing are the affairs of a believer! They are all for his benefit; If he is granted ease of living he is  thankful; and this is best for him. And if he is afflicted with a hardship, he perseveres; and this is best for him.”[Muslim]

And Allah (Subhanaahu wa ta’alaa) said (which means):

“Certainly,We shall test you with fear,hunger,loss of wealth, lives and fruits;but give glad tidings to the patient – those who,when afflicted  with calamity say,”Truly to Allah we belong,and truly to Him shall we return.”It is those who will be awarded blessings and mercy from their Lord; it is those who are the guided ones.”{2:155-157}

Thus, a believer shows gratitude and thankfulness for all the wonderful blessings that Allah grants him. And he displays patience and submission during sickness and hardships, hunger, or other afflictions.

HARDSHIP BENEFIT THE BELIEVER

Allah has decreed that in this life, hardships and disaster strike both believers and non-believers. For a non-believer they are inconveniences that hinder him from proceeding with his normal  involvement in the worldly life. For a believer,on the other hand, they are instances of rest and remembrance, tests that promise great rewards and indications of atonement and expiation of sins. Regardless of how little is the harm that strikes a believer, it carries with it good news of forgiveness and elevated rank in (Jannah). The Righteous Predecessors used to be pleased when hardship afflicted them seeing it as a token of Allah’s forgiveness and benevolence.

EXPIATION OF SINS

Abu Hurayrah (radiallaahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“Hardships continue to befall a believing man and woman in their body,family, and property, until they meet Allah (Subhanaahu wa ta’alaa) with no sins.”[Tirmithee]

SIGNS OF ALLAH’S LOVE

Abu Hurayrah (radiallaahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“Whenever Allah wills good for a person, He subjects him to adversity.”[Bukharee and others]

SIGN OF EEMAN

Abu Hurayrah (radiallaahu anhu) and Ka’b Bin Malik (radiallaahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“The parable of a believer is that of a fresh  and moist plant:the wind tilts it this way and that way; and so is the believer; he continues to be subject to affliction. And the parable of a hypocrite is that of a firm cedar tree; it does not shake  -  until it is uprooted all at once.”[Bukharee and Muslim]

SIGN OF RIGHTEOUSNESS

The prophets and righteous people are afflicted  the most and their rewards are the highest. Sa’d (radiallaahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“The most in their suffering among  the people are the prophets, then the best, then the (next) best. One is afflicted in accordance with his deen (faith).  If his deen is firm his affliction is hard, and if his deen is weak, his affliction is light. Indeed, one would be so much subjected to adversity until he walks among the people without any sins.”
[Ahmad, Tirmithee]

EARLY PUNISHMENT

Anas (radiallaaahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“When Allah wills good for a servant of His, He expedites his punishment in this life; and when He wills retribution for a servant of His, He holds his sins for Him to judge him by them on the Day of Resurrection.”[Tirmithee]

MULTIPLICATION OF REWARDS

Anas (radiallaahu anhu) reported that the Prophet  (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“The amount of reward is in accordance with the amount of suffering. When Allah (Subhanaahu wa ta’alaa) loves some people, He tries them (with affliction). He who then is content (with Allah’s decree) has achieved the acceptance (of Allah), and he who is dissatisfied (with Allah’s decree) will attain the anger (of Allah).”[Tirmithee]

REWARD FOR SICKNESS

One should not look to sickness as a gloomy episode, but should remember the great good  in it. It is one form of affliction with which Allah (Subhanaahu wa ta’alaa) tests His ‘ibaad (servants), giving them a chanceto acquire rewards,  as was explained above, as is further emphasized below.

REMOVAL OF SINS AND ELEVATION IN RANKS

Abu Hurayrah (radiallaahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“Whenever  a Muslim is afflicted by harm from sickness or other  matters,  Allah will drop his sins  because of that, like a tree drops its leaves.”[Bukharee and Muslim]

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudree (radiallaahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallalaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“A Muslim is not afflicted by hardship, sickness, sadness, worry, harm, or depression – even if pricked by a thorn, but Allah expiates his sins because of that.”[Bukharee and Muslim]

Sa’eed said: ”I was with Salmaan (radiallaahu anhu) when he visited a sick man in Kindah (in Persia) and he said to him, ”Expect good because Allah (Subhanaahu wa ta’alaa) makes a believers sickness an expiation (for his sins) and a period of rest. However,when a disbeliever falls sick, he is like a camel whose owner ties it then lets it loose – it does not understand why it was tied nor why it was freed.”[Bukharee]

‘Aishah (radiallaahu anhu) narrated that once some pain afflicted the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) causing him to suffer and turn about in his bed, she said: ”Had one of us done this, you would have blamed him.”He (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) replied:

“An ailment is intensified for the righteous, whenever a believer is afflicted  by a hardship, whether it is a thorn  or more, a sin is taken of from him because of it, and he is elevated by one rank (in Jannah).”[Ahmad]

RETAINING REWARDS FOR DEEDS BEFORE SICKNESS

Usually, when a believer falls sick he would not be able to do the same amount  of good (prayer, fasting, helping Muslim etc.) that he used to do when he was well. But Allah out of His great mercy, continues to record for him the good deeds that was forced to stop because of his sickness. Abu Moosa Al-Ash’aree (radiallaahu anhu) narrated that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“For a travelling or sick person, his deeds will be recorded in accordance  with what he used to do when he was resident or well.”[Bukharee]

Abdullah Bin Amr (radiallaahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“No (believing) person gets sick, but  (his deeds) will be recorded for him in accordance with what he used to do when he was well.”[Bukharee]

Anas (radiallaahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“No muslims body is afflicted by Allah, but He will record (his deeds) for him in accordance with what he used to do when he was well – as long as he is sick. Thus, if He takes his life, He forgives him; and if He cures him, He washes him (from sins).”[Bukharee]

‘Uqbah Bin Aamir (radiallaahu anhu) reported  that the Prophet  (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“Each days deeds are sealed with it, thus when a believer gets sick,the angels say,”Our Lord! Your servant such and such, You have restrained him (from doing good this day).”And the Lord replies,”Seal his day in accordance with his (usual) deeds, until he is cured or dies.”[Ahmad]

REASON FOR THE REWARD

‘Atta Bin Rabaah reported that Ibn ‘Abbaas (radiallaahu anhu) told him,”Do you want to see a woman from  the people of Jannah (paradise)? ”He said “Yes”. He said:”It is a black woman. She came to the  Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) saying,”I have (epileptic) seizures, and I get exposed, so supplicate to Allah for me. ”He (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:’

“If you wish, be patient and you will attain Jannah; or if you wish, I will ask Allah to cure you.

She replied, ”I will be patient! But  my body gets exposed  (because of the fall), so supplicate to Allah for me that  I  do not become exposed.”And he (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) did.”[Bukharee and Muslim]

The scholars have differed in opinion as to whether a sick person will be rewarded for the sickness itself or for being patient during it, the correct opinion  is that if he is patient and submits to Allah’s will as in the above hadeeth, he would be rewarded for both the submission  and the sickness, otherwise, he would not be rewarded at all; because he resented Allah’s decree. This is what should be understood from Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalanee’s words:

“The authentic hadeeths are clear in that the rewards  are recorded once affliction strikes a Muslim as for patience and acceptance, they are virtues for which a person may get additional  rewards over those for the affliction.”

‘Abdullah Bin Amr (radiallaahu anhu) reported that the Prophet  (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“If a Muslim is pricked (as little as) a thorn in the worldly life, and he seeks its reward from Allah, some of his sins will be removed, because of it, on the Day of Judgement.”[Bukharee]

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Source: The Inevitable Journey (QSS)|Article ID: TZK050012| www.salafipublications.com