HAJJ AND UMRAH GUIDE Trials and Tribulations Expose People’s Realities
Compiled and Prepared by Talal bin Ahmad al-Aqeel
Introduction by Minister of Islamic Affairs, Waqf, Da’wah and Irshad
Salih bin Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad Aal ash-Shaikh
At-Tahqeeq wal-Eedhah by Shaykh Abdul-Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz
Sifatul Hajj wal-Umrah by Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih bin Uthaymeen
Ahkam Takhtass bil Muaminat by Dr.Salih bin Fawzan al-Fawzan
Hisnul-Muslim by Shaykh Sa’eed bin Wahf al-Qahtani
Fatawa al-Lijnah ad-Da'imah from the Permanent Committee for Religious Research, Riyadh, S.A
By Shaykh Abdul-Aziz bin Baz, Shaykh Muhammad bin Uthaymeen and the Permanent Committe for Research and Ifta
Question: What is the ruling about someone who goes to Makkah without intending Hajj or Umrah?
Answer: Anyone going to Makkah without that intent, such as a salesman, office worker,postal worker, driver or others who have business there - such people are not required to assume ihram unless they wish to. This is understood from the Prophet's statement about the meeqats: "They are for those who come from them and those who come from beyond them who intend Hajj or Umrah. "So one who crosses a Meeqat not intending Hajj or Umrah does not need ihram, and that is mercy and facilitation from Allah to His servants.
Question: What should the pilgrim of tamattu’ and qiran do when he is unable to offer a sacrifice (hadi)?
Answer: When he is not able to offer the hadi he must fast three days during Hajj and seven days when he returns to his family. He has a choice concerning the three days - if he wishes he can fast them before Eed Day or if he wishes he can fast them on the three days of tashreeq. Allah has said:
وَأَتِمُّوا الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ لِلَّهِ ۚ فَإِنْ أُحْصِرْتُمْ فَمَا اسْتَيْسَرَ مِنَ الْهَدْيِ ۖ وَلَا تَحْلِقُوا (١٩٥)
رُءُوسَكُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَبْلُغَ الْهَدْيُ مَحِلَّهُ ۚ فَمَن كَانَ مِنكُم مَّرِيضًا أَوْ بِهِ أَذًى مِّن رَّأْسِهِ فَفِدْيَةٌ
مِّن صِيَامٍ أَوْ صَدَقَةٍ أَوْ نُسُكٍ ۚ فَإِذَا أَمِنتُمْ فَمَن تَمَتَّعَ بِالْعُمْرَةِ إِلَى الْحَجِّ فَمَا اسْتَيْسَرَ مِنَ الْهَدْيِ ۚ
فَمَن لَّمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ ثَلَاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ فِي الْحَجِّ وَسَبْعَةٍ إِذَا رَجَعْتُمْ ۗ تِلْكَ عَشَرَةٌ كَامِلَةٌ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ
لِمَن لَّمْ يَكُنْ أَهْلُهُ حَاضِرِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ
"And complete the Hajj and Umrah for Allah. But if you are prevented, then [offer] what can be obtained with ease of sacrificial animals. And do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached its place of slaughter. And whoever among you is ill or has an ailment of the head [making shaving necessary, must offer] a ransom of fasting or charity or sacrifice. And when you are secure, then whoever performs Umrah followed by Hajj [offers] what can be obtained with ease of sacrificial animals. And whoever cannot find [or afford one] - then a fast of three days during Hajj and seven when you have returned [home]. Those are ten complete [days]. This is for those whose family is not in the area of al-Masjid al-Haram. And fear Allah, and know that Allah is severe in penalty." (2:196)
And in Saheeh al-Bukhari,both Aisha and Ibn Umar related:
"Fasting the days of tashreeq was not allowed except to those who could not obtain a sacrificial (hadi)."
It is preferable if one can fast the three days before the Day of Arafah, and he should not be fasting on the Day of Arafah because the Prophet ﷺ stayed in Arafah without fasting and he forbade fasting on the Day of Arafah for those who are in Arafah. The three days can be fasted either consecutively or seperately and that is true of the seven at home as well. Allah did not stipulate they be fasted consecutively but only said:
وَسَبْعَةٍ إِذَا رَجَعْتُمْ ۗ
"And seven when you have returned."
For one unable to obtain a hadi, fasting is preferable to asking people to provide one for him to slaughter.
Question: Is it allowable for a woman to use pills to prevent her monthly period or delay it at the time of Hajj?
Answer: It is allowable for a woman to use pills to prevent menstruation when she fears it at that time. But it should be after the consultation of a medical specialist for the protection of her health. She may also use them in Ramadhan if she prefers to fast along with the other people.
Question: What is the ruling about someone who comes to a meeqat [for ihram] at a time other than the months of Hajj?
One who approaches a meeqat does so in one of two conditions:
1. He arrives there outside of the months of Hajj, such as in Ramadhan or Shaban. The sunnah for him is to assume ihram for Umrah, intending it in his heart and saying, "Labbayk for Umrah", and continuing to recite the talbiyah often until he reaches the Kabah. There, he ceases the talbiyah, makes a tawaf of seven circuits, prays two rakahs behind Maqam Ibrahim, performs seven trips of sai between as-safa and al-Marwah and then shaves the hair of his head or shortens it. By that he has completed his Umrah and is freed from all the restrictions of ihram.
2. He arrives at the meeqat during the months of Hajj, which are Shawwal, Dhul-Qadah and the first ten of Dhul-Hijjah. He can choose between three things: Hajj alone, Umrah alone or joining them together. When the Prophet ﷺ reached the meeqat in Dhul-Qadah for the Farewell Hajj, he gave his companions a choice between these three. The sunnah for one who is not bringing with him a sacrificial animal is to enter ihram for Umrah, and do as mentioned previously for the person crossing a meeqat outside the months of Hajj, because the Prophet ﷺ ordered his companions as they approached Makkah to make their ihram for Umrah, and stressed that.
Question: My mother is advanced in age and wants to perform Hajj, but there is no mahram for her in her country. To bring a mahram would cost a large sum of money, so what is the ruling in such a case?
Answer: Hajj is not an obligation for her because it is not permissible for her to travel to Hajj without a mahram whether she is young or old. If a mahram is available she should perform Hajj, but if she dies without doing so someone should make Hajj on her behalf using wealth from her estate. Otherwise, if someone volunteers to use his own wealth to perform Hajj for her it is good and righteous.
Question: When it is permissible to appoint a substitute to stone the pillars? Are there days when it is not allowed to appoint a substitute?
Answer: It is permissible to appoint a substitute for rami (stoning) of all the pillars for one who is ill or weak, for the pregnant woman who fears harm, for the nursing woman or who has no one to stay with her children, for the elderly man or woman and any others who cannot for some reason perform rami. Also, the guardian of a young child stones for him/her. The substitute stones first for himself and then for the other person at each pillar unless he has already stoned for himself that day, in which case he does not begin with himself. However, it is only permissible to appoint someone who is performing Hajj. Anyone not performing Hajj may not act as a substitute for the stoning, and if he does, it will not fulfill the duty of the person who appointed him.
Question: I sometimes read tafseers of the Qur'an while not in a pure state, as during the monthly period, for example. Am I to be blamed for that and have I earned any sin by it?
Answer: There is no problem in the menstruating or postpartum woman reading books of tafseer, or in reciting the Qur'an aloud without touching the mashaf (which contains only the words of Allah) according to the most correct view of the scholars. However, a person whose impurity is due to marital intercourse or ejaculation should not recite the Qur'an at all, excepting seperate verses, until he takes a bath (ghusl). It was confirmed about the Prophet (that he was not kept from reciting the Qur'an by anything except janabah (sexual impurity).
Question: I wore a face mask during Umrah without knowing that it is not permitted. What is the expiation for that?
Answer: Since the face mask, which is the niqab, is among the things prohibited during ihram, the woman who wears it must offer a ransom (fidyah).That means either to a slaughter a sheep or goat, feed six poor people or fast three days. But that is on the condition that she had knowledge of it and remembered, so if she wore it out of ignorance of the ruling or while having forgotten its prohibition or that she was in the state of ihram, there is no ransom. It is only for someone who does it deliberately.
TRANSCRIBER'S NOTE: Many typos corrected, updated on 6/16/2019 @ 10:20 PM