Saturday, July 7, 2018

Tafsīr Surah Fatir: 32 - Shaykh Muḥammad Al-Amīn Ash-Shinqīṭī (رحمه الله)

ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا ٱلْكِتَٰبَ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱصْطَفَيْنَا مِنْ عِبَادِنَا ۖ فَمِنْهُمْ ظَالِمٌ لِّنَفْسِهِۦ وَمِنْهُم مُّقْتَصِدٌ وَمِنْهُمْ سَابِقٌۢ بِٱلْخَيْرَٰتِ بِإِذْنِ ٱللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ ٱلْفَضْلُ ٱلْكَبِيرُ (٣٢)

{Then we caused to inherit the Book those We have chosen of Our servants; and among them is he who wrongs himself, and among them is he who is moderate, and among them is he who is foremost in good deeds by the permission of Allah. That [inheritance] is the great bounty} [Fatir:32]

Shaykh Muammad Al-Amīn Ash-Shinqīī (رحمه الله):

Regarding the promise of Paradise in this verse, the people of knowledge differ over why he who wrongs himself is mentioned before he who is moderate in deeds and he who is foremost in good deeds.

Some of them stated: The one wronged himself was given precedence in order of mention so that he does not despair, and mention of the one who is foremost in good deeds was deferred so that he isn’t conceited by his actions resulting in them being of no avail to him.

Others have stated; The one who wrongs himself was given precedence in mention because the majority of the people of Paradise are those who have wronged themselves, since those who do not fall into disobedience are fewer than those who do, as Allah has mentioned (except for those who believe and do righteous deeds – and  they are but few.”[Sad:22]

Reference: Adwa’ Al Bayān [page 185].


Source:, 6/24/18, 10:51 AM